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Revision as of 09:02, 5 November 2007

Fundamental Human Needs

The following list of needs is in part inspired by this list which is on the Center for Nonviolent Communication web-site.

Physical Survival
air
nutrition
food
waste
water
sleep
shelter
movement
safety
chemical balance
sexual expression
rest

Nurturance
touch
cuddling
physical affection
sensitivity
warmth
relaxation
tenderness
caring
bonding
comfort

Autonomy
freedom
space
independence
will
choice
fortitude
individuality
stamina
self-empowerment
options
solitude

Mental
stimulation
focus
clarity / to understand
comprehension
discernment
information
memory
awareness
belief
reflection
discrimination

Self-Expression
creativity
to be heard
growth
speaking
healing
singing
learning / mastery
meaning
teaching
to create / generate

Integrity
self-worth
centeredness
authenticity
identity
self-respect
composure
purpose
conviction
vision / dreams
direction
honesty

Celebration of Life
aliveness
ecstasy
pleasure
delight
accomplishment
stimulation
excitement
dance
humor
passion
intensity
play

to celebrate losses:
mourning loved ones,
dreams unfulfilled, etc.

Spiritual
beauty / aesthetic
bliss
harmony / peace
self-awareness
order
serenity
grace
faith
inspiration
hope
being / beingness
higher purpose
transcendence
communion

Interdependence / Social
acceptance
empathy
warmth
appreciation
intimacy
belonging
contribution to others
closeness
love
acknowledgment
community
reassurance
group identity
connection
respect
communication
consideration
support
honesty from others
emotional freedom
being trusted
emotional safety
understanding


Needs and their existential categories of being

The following list came from this page about the work of the Chilean economist Manfred Max-Neef.

Fundamental
Human Needs

Being
(qualities)

Having
(things)

Doing
(actions)

Interacting
(settings)

subsistence

physical and
mental health

food, shelter
work

feed, clothe,
rest, work

living environment,
social setting

protection

care,
adaptability
autonomy

social security,
health systems,
work

co-operate,
plan, take care
of, help

social environment,
dwelling

affection

respect, sense
of humour,
generosity,
sensuality

friendships,
family,
relationships
with nature

share, take care of,
make love, express
emotions

privacy,
intimate spaces
of togetherness

understanding

critical
capacity,
curiosity, intuition

literature,
teachers, policies
educational

analyse, study,meditate
investigate,

schools, families
universities,
communities,

participation

receptiveness,
dedication,
sense of humour

responsibilities,
duties, work,
rights

cooperate,
dissent, express
opinions

associations,
parties, churches,
neighbourhoods

leisure

imagination,
tranquillity
spontaneity

games, parties,
peace of mind

day-dream,
remember,
relax, have fun

landscapes,
intimate spaces,
places to be alone

creation

imagination,
boldness,
inventiveness,
curiosity

abilities, skills,
work,
techniques

invent, build,
design, work,
compose,
interpret

spaces for
expression,
workshops,
audiences

identity

sense of
belonging, self-
esteem,
consistency

language,
religions, work,
customs,
values, norms

get to know
oneself, grow,
commit oneself

places one
belongs to,
everyday
settings

freedom

autonomy,
passion, self-esteem,
open-mindedness

equal rights

dissent, choose,
run risks, develop
awareness

anywhere